Interview: Lars Ronnås, Swedish Ambassador for Climate Change

The Paris agreement came into force on November 4 – what’s next in the process of turning the agreement into action?

- In terms of negotiations, it’s about developing the rulebook necessary to review every state’s established national contribution to reach the targets of the agreement. The agreement is arranged per the “pledge and review” principle.  The other mission consists of finding the right forms of collaboration needed between countries in order to collectively steer the development towards a climate-smart economy. These processes lie, to a large extent, outside the negotiation process.

Should Sweden take lead in this area?

- Of course we should! Our own society is at the forefront in the transition to a fossil free society. We have solutions to societal problems which could interest other countries. We have a credibility in our foreign policy – this also goes for the sustainability area.

The countries of the world are meeting again during the climate meeting COP22 in Marrakech – what outcomes are you hoping for?

- The negotiators in Paris were counting on the agreement coming into force within a few years. In reality, it took less than eleven months. The challenge now is to maintain the momentum and to express the transformation we’re facing where we can combine economic growth with improved living conditions around the world and sustainability over generations to come.

What are your expectations on business that operates within the Paris agreement framework?

- The business community has the force to turn technical advancements and consumers’ social awareness into a new climate-smart economy. It’s a responsibility that also provides great opportunities to new success stories.