Interview with Mattias Frumerie, Head of Delegation to UNFCCC of Sweden regarding COP26
What are you going to solve on the climate summit in November?
- COP26 will primarily be about two things: the global level of ambition in relation to the 1.5-degree target and the completion of the so-called rulebook for the Paris Agreement. The level of ambition is not subject to negotiation at the meeting. COP26 is an opportunity to manifest how we are doing.
What are the three most important issues that needs to be solved in the climate summit in November?
- The rulebook, climate financing, and climate adaptation. The rulebook deals with three things - a regulatory framework for emissions trading based on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, a common reporting system, and a common timeframe for national climate commitments. Concerning financing, it is a matter of initiating discussions on a new target for climate financing that will apply for the period after 2025, when the current target of USD 100 billion per year expires. Regarding adaptation, it is a matter of developing indicators for climate adaptation so that we can jointly measure success in that work.
What will be the biggest challenge?
- The rulebook will be the most difficult issue discussed at the summit. Different countries still have different views on the three issues, while Sweden and the EU find it difficult to compromise further regarding Article 6 and the reporting within the so-called transparency framework.
The UNFCCC report shows that countries' commitments are too low. The pledged emission reductions are only 12 percent by 2030, while the IPCC wants to see 45 percent by 2030 to live up to the 1.5-degree target. What do you say about that?
- We all need to do more. Above all, we expect greater commitments from the largest emitters - the G20 countries. China and India have not yet presented their national climate commitments (NDCs).
What do you expect the business community to deliver before the climate summit?
- I hope and believe that the business community will continue to deliver climate-smart solutions for a global market. Our approach in the global work is to show that change is possible and highlight opportunities that exist in the transition. Swedish companies have fantastic solutions to offer that can facilitate and speed up the transition in other countries. Renewable energy, energy efficiency, waste management, mobility, food - just look at the 22 road maps produced within Fossil-Free Sweden to get an idea of what Swedish companies can offer other countries.
- I am glad that Business Sweden will be present in Glasgow and offer Swedish companies a platform. I am also pleased that several Swedish actors have developed the concept Pioneer the Possible, which just focuses on the possibilities in the transition. Thus, we have good opportunities to encourage other countries to become more ambitious in their climate work, thereby ensuring an increased level of ambition in relation to the 1.5-degree target.
"COP26 will primarily be about two things: the global level of ambition in relation to the 1.5-degree target and the completion of the so-called rulebook for the Paris Agreement. The level of ambition is not subject to negotiation at the meeting. COP26 is an opportunity to manifest how we are doing."
Mattias Frumerie, Head of Delegation to UNFCCC of Sweden regarding COP26